A large proportion of seed may
not germinate at all. Often the farmer will know of the failure too late, and the season
will be lost.
The seed may germinate, but may
not be of the variety the farmer was led to believe. Until the crop matures and harvest
time comes, the farmer will not known that he was cheated. Meanwhile huge expense would
have been incurred on a worthless crop, compounding the tragedy.
In hybrid seeds, the seed must
be produced afresh for every crop by union of selected breeding must be carefully done,
and seeds resulting from self-pollination must be removed. If such care is not exercised,
the farmer loses, because seeds through self pollination are worthless.
Instead of producing hybrid
seeds afresh, unscrupulous traders may simply use the crop from a hybrid and sell these
worthless seeds called F2 generation. A small quantity of hybrid seed will yield a large
quantity of F2 seed and by marketing it as hybrid, the trader makes huge profit without
any investment needed for producing hybrid seeds. The unsuspecting farmer is the victim of
The seed may be stored too long
or stored improperly or not treated with the necessary chemicals to prevent contamination.
By such important treatment and storage, the seed either loses its vitality or will be
prone to disease, causing havoc to the farmer.
- Fixing minimum standards of germination, purity and other
- Testing seeds for quality factors at the seed testing
laboratories of the government
- Inspection and certification of seeds
- Licensing and certification of dealers in seeds
- Compulsory labeling of seed containers to indicate the quality
and type of seeds offered for sale.
- The seed sold must be identifiable as to its kind or variety.
- Such seed must conform to the minimum standards of germination
and purity prescribed by government.
- They are
genetically tested in the seed testing laboratories and found to be of good quality. The
certificate issued by the government agency is valid for 9 months. The government takes
responsibility for the germination, growth and maturity in cases of certified seeds. These
seeds are sold in bags with blue coloured tags for easy identification.
- They are
self-declared by the producer and have not been tested by the government agency. Therefore
farmers must ensure that there is no spurious labeling. Labeled seed must be purchased
only from reliable producers or dealers and only when farmers have confidence in the
producer's past reputation and record. These seeds are sold in bags with buff coloured
tags for identification.
Precautions while purchasing seed:
- Please purchase from authorized dealers only.
- Please make sure that certified seeds have the seal of State
Seed Certification Agency and blue colour tags.
- Please verify and note the following details of the invoice
for purchase order.
If seed is substandard, what should you do
If there is reasonabledoubt
about the quality of seed, the Agriculture Officers can withhold sale of seed for 30days.
It the seed tests prove that it
is substandard, then the entire stock is seized and the dealers is prosecuted.
Please remember that once you
used sub-standard seed, you are the loser no matter what happens to the dealer later.
There is no satisfactory provision in law for adequately compensating the farmer for his
losses on accountant of sub-standard seed. It is best to take all precautions in advance,
and use only assured seed, preferably certified by government and sold by a reputed and
Farmer's organizations, good
co-operatives or marketing societies can help you in getting good quality seed. You are
your best friend. Please organise yourselves for your own benefit.